Physiatry is the specialty of diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal disorders using physical therapy and rehabilitation. Physiatry is performed by specially trained individuals, physiatrists, who provide the treatment without surgical intervention. Physiatrists aim at treating the musculoskeletal disorders and improve the quality of life by improving the physical, emotional and vocational well-being.
Physical therapy is specialty in rehabilitation medicine where specially designed exercises and equipments help patients restore their normal physical activities. Physical therapy is advised when the health problems make it hard to move around and make your daily activities uneasy.
Physical therapists are trained physicians who guide you about physical therapies. They assess and treat varieties of conditions that affect the physical function of adults and children. They are often able to relieve pain and help to resume daily activities. They work in health care systems in both hospitals and community.
Physical therapy can provide relief from long term health problems. Physical therapist may use exercise program, manual therapy, education and other techniques such as heat, ice, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation to provide rehabilitation. They evaluate and diagnose movement dysfunction and treat patients accordingly. Interventions may include therapeutic exercise, functional training, manual therapy techniques, assistive and adaptive devices, equipments, physical agents, and electrotherapeutic modalities.
Physical therapy is recommended for various conditions and they include:
- Back and neck pain
- Spine and joint conditions
- Heart and lung conditions
- Sports related injuries
- Neurological conditions
- Cancer related problems
Rehabilitation is a method treatment designed to facilitate recovery after a serious injury, illness or surgery. It is aimed at enabling the patients to restore the physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social function.
The goal of rehabilitation program is to achieve fastest patient recovery. This program assists the patient to return to normal life through therapy or training.
Pre-operative rehabilitation phase prepares the patient physically and mentally for both the surgery and the post-operative program. Post-operative rehabilitation program offers faster healing.
Various rehabilitation programs practiced include:
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Hand therapy
- Speech language therapy
- Pain Management
Physical therapy- Physical therapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine that uses specially designed exercises and equipments to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities.
Occupational therapy- Occupational therapy is recommended in patients with injury or after surgery of upper and lower extremities. The main goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to restore their daily activities.
Occupational therapy is a health profession associated with promoting health and well-being through occupation.
Hand therapy- Hand therapy is a type of rehabilitation performed by a hand therapist on patients with conditions affecting the upper limb and impairs hand function.
Hand therapy plays an important role in the recovery from hand injuries and recovery after surgery. Hand therapy is a combination of occupational therapy and physical therapy with comprehensive knowledge of the anatomy and functionality of upper limb.
Pain management- Treating the underlying disorder eliminates or minimizes the pain. Pain relievers (analgesics) may be needed for immediate relief from pain. Other techniques are also employed to improve the pain.