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Eye injuries are frequently sustained during traumatic incidents. Ophthalmologists are medical specialists who perform comprehensive eye examinations and surgical assessments, and also perform ophthalmic surgery when required.

An eye assessment involves several tests to check for visual impairment. You should always take your eyeglasses or contact lenses (if using them) along with you when going for such an assessment.

Ophthalmology assessments include a number of tests, including:

  • Visual acuity test checks how well you can see from a distance of about 20 feet
  • Eye muscle test checks the function of the eye muscle used for movement of the eye
  • Refraction test determines whether you need corrective lenses or if your vision is normal
  • Visual field test measures peripheral or side vision
  • Color vision test
  • Slit lamp examination to look for cuts, foreign objects or infections of the cornea
  • Retinal examination is done to check for diseases of or injury to the retina or optic nerve at the back of the eye using an ophthalmoscope or slit lamp following dilation of the pupil. An alternative is the use of a bright light mounted on the head while each eye is kept open